Kenya lies on the equator and the East African Rift covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends from the vast savannahs which is home to herds of wildlife to the snowcapped mountains on the equator. Kenya has a warm and humid tropical climate on its long coastline along the Indian Ocean while it is cooler towards the savannah grasslands around the capital city, Nairobi, and especially closer to Mount Kenya. The country offers experiences of different climatic conditions as its regions along the border with Somalia and Ethiopia has almost near desert landscapes.
Kenya is known throughout the world for its safaris, wildlife reserves, national parks and pristine beaches. The country has a sophisticated tourism infrastructure, with two major cities controlling the majority of the tourism trade. Nairobi is the safari and hiking hub while on the east coast the hot and humid trading port of Mombasa functions as the gateway to the resorts and pristine beaches of Kenya.
Mombasa is Kenya's main port and popular holiday destination with beautiful beaches and natural vegetation all around. It is located on an island in a natural sheltered inlet and serves as the major and only port that connects Southern Sudan. The city includes Old Mombasa, located on a small offshore island and a larger, more modern mainland metropolitan area, which is connected to the island by causeway, bridge, and ferries. Kilindini, is a modern deepwater harbor on the western side of the island, has many docks, shipyards, and sugar and petroleum refineries. The Fort Jesus is a museum that was built by the Portuguese in the 1590s and is a popular tourist destination.