Kenya lies on the equator on the East African Rift, covering a diverse and expansive terrain extending from the vast savannahs which is home to herds of wildlife to the snowcapped mountains on the equator. Kenya has a warm and humid tropical climate on its long coastline along the Indian Ocean while it is cooler towards the savannah grasslands around the capital city, Nairobi, and especially closer to Mount Kenya. The country offers experiences of different climatic conditions as its regions along the border with Somalia and Ethiopia have almost near desert landscapes.
Kenya is known throughout the world for its safaris, wildlife reserves, national parks and pristine beaches. The country has a sophisticated tourism infrastructure, with two major cities controlling the majority of the tourism trade. Nairobi is the safari and hiking hub while on the east coast the trading port of Mombasa functions as the gateway to the resorts and pristine beaches of Kenya.
Mombasa is Kenya's main port and popular holiday destination with beautiful beaches and natural vegetation all around. It is located on an island in a natural sheltered inlet and serves as the major and only port that connects with Southern Sudan. The city includes Old Mombasa, located on a small offshore island and a larger, more modern mainland metropolitan area, which is connected to the island by causeway, bridge, and ferries. Kilindini, is a modern deep-water harbor on the western side of the island, has many docks, shipyards, and sugar and petroleum refineries. The Fort Jesus is a museum that was built by the Portuguese in the 1590s and is a popular tourist destination.
For nature lovers, or anyone interested in anthropology, natural history, photography or just witnessing sheer diversity in wildlife and fauna, Kenya is the place of dreams. For this, one must visit the Masai Mara National Reserve. This reserve, belonging to the well-known Masai people, features over 1500 km of grasslands, gorgeous blue skies, and depending on the time of year, either hundreds of thousands or millions of the main animals that Africa is known for: lions, rhinos, elephants, gazelle, giraffe, impala, leopards, and many more. Kenya's most visited park, commonly known as the Mara, is a wildly beautiful place with rolling savannah grasslands and is an extension of the Serengeti Plains in neighboring Tanzania.